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Italian Court Rules Against Emirates' Milan-New York Airline Route


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fonte: WSJ

 

An Italian court on Thursday moved to block a new route opened by Dubai-based Emirates Airline between Milan and New York following protests from rival carriers that the service contravened international aviation laws.

The airline industry has closely watched the Emirates' flight, launched in October, as a sign of how three fast-growing Persian Gulf-based carriers may pursue expansion beyond their hometown hubs. Emirates, the world's largest international airline by traffic through its Dubai hub, is the biggest of the trio, which also includes Qatar Airways and Etihad Airways of Abu Dhabi.

Thursday's ruling, by an administrative court in Rome, was a response to a complaint filed by Assaereo, an association that represents Alitalia and other Italian airlines. The trade group filed the suit last year against the Italian Civil Aviation Authority, which granted Emirates permission to start the service. Assaereo claimed that the Milan-New York flight broke the bilateral air-service agreement between Italy and the United Arab Emirates.

Emirates Airline said in a statement on Thursday that it was considering whether to lodge an "urgent appeal" to Italy's Supreme Administrative Court. It remained unclear whether it would have to suspend the New York service meanwhile.

The ruling could complicate ambitious expansion plans for Emirates, whose president, Tim Clark, last month said the airline was eyeing more flights from Dubai to North and South America that stop to pick up passengers and cargo at European airports.

Mr. Clark told The Wall Street Journal that Emirates had been approached by airport officials in Germany, Spain, the U.K., Sweden and Denmark about the possibility of launching flights to third countries modeled on the Milan service.

"There's been a great deal of interest [in these services]," he said, though noted they weren't part of Emirates' core business model of funneling flights through Dubai.

Emirates set the Milan-New York route by extending one of its three existing daily Dubai-to-Milan flights. The move attracted particular scrutiny from other airlines because it involved service on a lucrative route by a carrier not from either the origin or destination country.

Assaereo suit was backed by Delta Air Lines Inc., a leading critic of the international expansion by the Persian Gulf carriers. Assaereo said that Thursday's ruling "gives a clear signal to other companies [from outside the European Union] that would want to follow the example set by Emirates."

Total capacity on the Milan-New York route this month is up 62% from a year ago, with Emirates leapfrogging Alitalia, Delta and American Airlines Group Inc. to become the route's largest carrier, according to Innovata LLC, an aviation-data firm. Emirates offers 50% more seats than Alitalia on the route.

Such huge increases in capacity typically reduce fares and leave planes less full, illustrating how Emirates' big muscle can severely hurt smaller competitors.

Delta said it welcomed Thursday's decision, and maintained that the Emirates' flight "could significantly harm U.S. and Italian airline employees by adding unneeded capacity on an already-competitive market."

Alitalia declined to comment. Etihad is in the final due-diligence phase to buy as much as 49% of the Italian airline as part of a strategy that has included taking minority stakes in four other European carriers and expand ties with Air France-KLM, a partner with Delta in the SkyTeam global-marketing alliance.

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A Alitalia mesmo ficou quietinha com medo de represálias ,uma vez que necessita urgentemente de capital vindo dos Emirados,porém da vizinha,Etihad Airlines,garanto se não estivesse quebrada e sem investidores interessados ela estaria apoiando a Assaero

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O GIG-EZE e o GRU-EZE feitos por QR e EK têm restrições? Ou eh possivel q tambem abrimos as pernas para que alguem possa comprar um trecho Brazil-Argentina voando uma das Cias arabes?

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O GIG-EZE e o GRU-EZE feitos por QR e EK têm restrições? Ou eh possivel q tambem abrimos as pernas para que alguem possa comprar um trecho Brazil-Argentina voando uma das Cias arabes?

Não tem restrições, é possível comprar BR-ARG pela EK, TK e QR.

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Eh... Me equivoquei, as pernas ja estavam abertas faz tempo. Até qnd continuarão vendendo nosso país?

Chevetão, mas a recíproca é verdadeira. Por décadas a Varig vendeu LAX-NRT/NGO, LHR-CPH e CDG-AMS, a Vasp LAX-SEL e até uns 6 anos atrás a Gol vendia EZE-SCL e SCL-LIM, fora o que ela ganha nos vôos para o Caribe. No caso do mercado BRA-ARG foi a única forma de aumentar os vôos e a concorrência sem depender do bilateral.

 

Quinta liberdade tem que saber como operar, não adianta a Tam oferecer GRU-MXP-ZRH quando a Swiss faz direto e há quinhentas opções de chegar em ZRH via vários aeroportos.

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Italian court orders Emirates to cancel Milan-New York route

 

The news was broken by Italy’s ilsole24ore (Italian language) which reports on the Court decision that non-EU carriers cannot offer fifth-freedom rights (traffic carried between two country by the airline of a third country) passengers to or from Italy.

At present Emirates operates regularly non-stop between Milan Malpensa and New York. Its B777-300ERs used on the route offer a world-class product which appeals both to Northern Italian business people and Swiss travellers from nearby Ticino.

But, even though the traffic rights have already been granted, the Italian authorities are now saying “the route [Milan-New York] is already abundantly served by US and Italian airlines".

Needless to say, the Milanese are unhappy with this decision.

Writing on Twitter, Roberto Maroni, president of the Lombardy region, says “The decision is amazing and shameful, Rome continues to damage the North."

What the Italians are proposing flies in the face of international aviation law.

After all, fifth-freedom rights, as my detailed Business Traveller article a few years back explained, are enshrined in international aviation law. And there are many examples in the EU already of fifth-freedom services by non-EU airlines which have operated for years.

So airline experts are wondering if this ruling is really intended to remove competition from struggling national airline Alitalia to encourage investment by Abu Dhabi’s Etihad.

No details are yet available as to when the route might cease. But Emirates may well launch a legal challenge and knowing how fast the Italian legal system functions it could be some time before the outcome is determined.

emirates.com

Alex McWhirter

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Chevetão, mas a recíproca é verdadeira. Por décadas a Varig vendeu LAX-NRT/NGO, LHR-CPH e CDG-AMS, a Vasp LAX-SEL e até uns 6 anos atrás a Gol vendia EZE-SCL e SCL-LIM, fora o que ela ganha nos vôos para o Caribe. No caso do mercado BRA-ARG foi a única forma de aumentar os vôos e a concorrência sem depender do bilateral.

 

Quinta liberdade tem que saber como operar, não adianta a Tam oferecer GRU-MXP-ZRH quando a Swiss faz direto e há quinhentas opções de chegar em ZRH via vários aeroportos.

 

 

Se não estou enganado a RG antes da bancarrota queria alterar o LAX/NRT/NGO para via Europa Alemanha e não conseguiu.

 

O Brasil estava negociando com a Europa o " ceus abertos " se a Europa permitisse a 5 liberdade em vôos para Asia eu li uma matéria não achei para postar.

 

A EK é uma empresa favorecida pelo governo local.

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Se não estou enganado a RG antes da bancarrota queria alterar o LAX/NRT/NGO para via Europa Alemanha e não conseguiu.

 

O Brasil estava negociando com a Europa o " ceus abertos " se a Europa permitisse a 5 liberdade em vôos para Asia eu li uma matéria não achei para postar.

 

A EK é uma empresa favorecida pelo governo local.

 

SBKP, o lado negativo dos acordos de quinta liberdade é que sempre que depende do terceiro ator. No caso da Varig foi justamente isso.

 

Quando a Varig solicitou alteração de vôos, a idéia era fazer GRU-ZRH-NRT, com possibilidade de venda ZRH-NRT. O governo suíço deu ok mas o Japão não, alegando que concorreria com a Japan Airlines, detalhe que ela voava para lá sazonalmente. A empresa ofereceu alternativa de voar via MUC, e o governo japonês só permitiu o embarque de 18 passageiros para MUC-NRT (!).

 

Neste caso o Itamaraty deveria interferir, pois a JAL voava GRU-JFK com direitos de tráfego em uma das rotas mais rentáveis do país.

 

AFAIK, a intenção da Varig era usar Europa como escala para Ásia (ICN, NRT e PEK).

 

É comum um país permitir a quinta liberdade porém um outro país não. Ex: hipotético, a França permite quinta liberdade dos pontos antes e depois de Paris, porém a Espanha não permite vender MAD-CDG.

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