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[TÍTULO ATUALIZADO] Inauguração do Aeroporto de Berlim - Brandenburg (BER)


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http://edition.cnn.com/travel/article/berlin-brandenburg-airport-debacle/index.html

 

(CNN) — The grand opening of Berlin Brandenburg Airport Willy Brandt was slated to take place in June 2012, and the aviation world was ready and waiting.
Thousands of volunteers had been conducting trial runs in the weeks leading up to the big day.
The media were preparing to provide around-the-clock coverage of the event, which would have the German Chancellor Angela Merkel and numerous other VIPs among its guests.
Lufthansa was even bringing one of its newly acquired Airbus A380s for the inaugural flight to Frankfurt.
But then the unexpected happened -- the inauguration of Germany's new architectural jewel had to be called off at the very last moment due to "technical issues."
Fast forward nearly six years, and the airport remains closed.
Not a single regular commercial flight has used the state-of-the-art terminal and no official date for the inauguration has yet been provided.
The construction of Berlin Brandenburg Airport continues to be an unmitigated fiasco, made all the more striking by the fact that it's taken place in a country known for its engineering prowess.
How it all started
After the Berlin Wall fell in 1989, it became clear in the early 1990s that the capital of the newly unified Germany was in need of a modern international airport. Planning began.
Berlin's three airports, a legacy of the city's troubled 20th-century history, were already showing their age and limitations as the world entered an era of dramatic air traffic growth.
Tempelhof, designated as an airport back in 1923, was the oldest of Berlin's airports, but despite its impressive architecture and historical significance, it closed in 2008.
This left only former East Berlin airport Schönefeld, a favorite among low-cost airlines, and Tegel, the city's main international airport by de facto.
However both airports were designed during the Cold War years and are ill-prepared to handle present-day passenger fluxes. As a result, plans were made to build a new airport on a greenfield site adjacent to Schönefeld Airport -- with construction beginning in 2006 -- and then close down the other two.
It seems this was easier said than done.

 

What went wrong?
Let's go back for a moment to that eventful day in May 2012, when the airport's entry into service was postponed indefinitely.
A faulty fire-protection system design has taken most of the blame. The system devised proved to be extremely complex.
It envisaged that, in the event of a fire, smoke would be pumped downwards, below the terminal's structure, instead of upwards through the ceiling as per the natural flow of hot air.
But this was hardly the only issue. As time went by, multiple other problems were found such as wiring that overheated, escalators that were too short and serious structural faults in the ceiling, to name just a few.
Ultimately the construction work was found to have fallen short of regulatory requirements, meaning many elements had to be started from scratch.
As if technical issues weren't enough, the project has been plagued by other challenges including allegations of corruption, the demise of several key contractors and a number of legal disputes around the financing of the project.
It's estimated that more than $7 billion has already been sunk into the new airport.
Political and bureaucratic obstacles may have added to the mess.
With two different German federal states involved in the project, the airport became a wrangling ground for politicians at all levels.
"There was never a central management installed to oversee and properly monitor the project as a whole. So this created an environment where no one knew what the real situation was anymore," says Andreas Spaeth, a German aviation industry analyst and author.
"It is still very difficult to properly and realistically assess the state of construction progress and remaining items, hence the reluctance of anyone stating any new opening date now."
Additional issues

he delayed entry into service is creating a whole new set of issues for German authorities to address, namely the future of Tegel Airport, which continues to operate as Berlin's main international hub.

Tegel was expected to close down as soon as Brandenburg went into service, but it's been soldiering on all these years.
The original plan called for the site to be used for a variety of operations, including an innovation and business park.
But this is now under question as local residents voted to keep the airport open in a referendum held on September 24.
And yet, even if the engineering issues are finally resolved, doubts of another nature linger about the longer-term prospects of the airport: Will Berlin will ever become the major air center it aspires to be?
Although the city has become a magnet for all sorts of technology-driven and creative industries, it remains the only European capital that's poorer than the rest of its country.
There's a growing demand for air travel, but this is mostly for point-to-point services, predominantly served by low-cost airlines such as Easyjet and Ryanair. Prospects for higher-yield long-haul traffic remain slim.
In this context, the recent bankruptcy of local carrier Air Berlin is an undeniable setback, even if Lufthansa steps in to partly fill the gap, with its new five-weekly direct service between the German capital and New York.
Is the end in sight?
According to Spaeth, the problem may be structural.
"The expectation that Berlin would be able to establish itself as an international and even intercontinental aviation hub was always utterly unrealistic," he says.
"There are far too many established and better equipped hubs already, and one main drawback is that the spending power of the population of Berlin is still very low.
"As there is also a very small local business travel market, especially for long-haul, no airline would be able to turn Berlin as a mega hub into a viable business case. There is simply not enough premium-class traffic demand to and from Berlin."
Perhaps the new airport will be ready just in time to take advantage of the new wave of low cost long-haul carriers that are currently emerging and carve, this way, a market niche for itself.
The German newspaper Tagesspiegel recently reported that Brandenburg might not open until 2021, after a recent inspection identified a range of ongoing problems.
In the meantime, the closest it's come to a regular day of operations was August 2016, as some 24 commercial flights had the chance to use Berlin Brandenburg's runways (though not the terminal) while police deactivated unexploded World War II ordnance at Tegel.
Miquel Ros is an aviation blogger and consultant. An economist by background, he's worked for Flightglobal and Bloomberg. He currently covers the airline industry through Allplane.tv.
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Fotos que eu fiz  hoje. Gostei muito. O aeroporto é “pequeno”, moderno, minimalista e eficiente. Muito diferente dos aeroportos asiaticos, mas cumpre bem seu papel. Muitas lojas ainda estao fechadas,

Exato Hugo, o Tegel é aquele terminal funcional alemão funcional, saída rápida da aeronave para o carro, e sua forma lembra muito a ideia das asas de Narita. Mas como eu ressaltei, era para um pr

O plano de Tegel em 1965: https://www.gmp.de/en/projekte/432/berlin-tegel-airport-txl Para quem não conhece, o escritório do Meinhard von Gerkan - GMP Architekten, tem outros aeroporto

A receita do "fracasso": Empreiteiras + Políticos. Vale para qualquer lugar do mundo.

 

Fracasso na verdade, só para o pagador de impostos.

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  • 1 year later...

Airlines allocated space at Berlin's new airport

 

09 MAY, 2019 SOURCE: FLIGHT DASHBOARD BY: VICTORIA BRYAN

Berlin airports operator FBB has started planning for where airlines will be based in the German capital's new hub, ahead of its scheduled opening next year.

 

The airport in Brandenburg is set to open in October 2020, and the major airlines serving Berlin now know where their flight operations will be based, FBB said today.

 

EasyJet and Lufthansa will be in the main Terminal 1, and Eurowings in Terminal 2. Ryanair will use the Schonefeld facility – which will become the airport's Terminal 5. FBB will allocate space to some 80 other airlines in stages over the coming weeks.

 

"Preparations for operations at BER are entering a new phase. The airport, the airlines and other partners have all been individually busy with the start of airline operations, and now we are starting joint preparations together," states FBB chief executive Engelbert Lutke Daldrup.

 

A series of building missteps and planning permission issues have hampered construction of Berlin Brandenburg, and 8 May marked seven years since the airport's planned 2012 opening was called off with just weeks to go.

 

Berlin's Tegel airport, located close to the city centre, is to shut once the new hub is open, but there have been calls – including from Ryanair – for it to remain open in order to ensure sufficient capacity.

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Outubro de 2020. Que coisa

 

Morei em Berlim em 2008 e visitei as obras do aeroporto novo. Muito impressionante

 

Tinha um voo de BER em jun/2012. Era um BER-JFK com a finada AB. Que virou TXL-JFK.

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  • 2 months later...

5 Aug 2019 by Mark Caswell

 

The CEO of the much-delayed Berlin Brandenburg airport (BER) has said that the start of a new testing phase “confirms that opening BER in October 2020 is on schedule”.

 

matéria completa: https://www.businesstraveller.com/business-travel/2019/08/05/berlin-airport-october-2020-opening-on-schedule/

Edited by TheJoker
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  • 7 months later...

Grupo Lufthansa anuncia mudança para novo aeroporto de Berlim

Postado por
 avianews.com
 -
03/04/2020
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Terminal principal do aeroporto de Berlim Brandemburgo O principal terminal do aeroporto de Berlim Brandemburgo. Foto: Günter Wicker, Flughafen Berlin Brandenburg GmbH

O Grupo Lufthansa anunciou a realocação completa de todas as companhias aéreas do grupo de Tegel para o novo Aeroporto de Brandemburgo em Berlim em 8 de novembro de 2020.

Neste dia, os vôos do novo portão aéreo iniciarão a Lufthansa, Swiss, Brussels Airlines. A divisão de baixo custo da Eurowings abrirá voos a partir de Berlim Brandemburgo alguns dias antes - 4 de novembro.

O Grupo Lufthansa notou que as alterações correspondentes na exibição do aeroporto de partida e chegada em Berlim já foram feitas no sistema de reservas. Os passageiros que conseguiram reservar passagens para Tegel foram prometidos a informar sobre as próximas mudanças.

Os planos atuais prevêem que as companhias aéreas não alterem a programação do voo em conexão com a mudança - todas as partidas e chegadas serão realizadas de acordo com a programação originalmente aprovada.

 

O Grupo Lufthansa se tornará um dos maiores clientes do Aeroporto de Brandemburgo em Berlim. Seis companhias aéreas do grupo operam daqui cerca de 700 vôos por semana com um fluxo diário de passageiros de até 33 mil pessoas. Antes, o airberlin era a maior companhia aérea de base no aeroporto, mas a companhia faliu em 2017.

Após a abertura dos novos portões aéreos de Berlim, o Aeroporto de Tegel deixará de operar. Ao mesmo tempo, outro aeroporto - Schönefeld, que possui um aeroporto comum com Berlim Brandemburgo - continuará operando voos até 2025 . Isso se deve ao fato de o novo porto, devido ao atraso na abertura, que deveria ser realizado em 2011, não lidar com o aumento do tráfego de passageiros em nove anos.

Fonte: www.avianews.com

 

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35 minutes ago, Luckert said:

Como assim, Schonfeld , https://www.avianews.com/world/2019/12/06/berlin_brandenburg_airport_new_opening_2020/ .... que possui um aeroporto comum com Berlin , o que eu ele quis dizer, comum com o município de Berlin?

 

Schonefeld e BER estão no mesmo sítio aeroportuário, tem a mesma pista, é como se fossem 2 terminais diferentes

 

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Just now, raverbashing said:

Schonefeld e BER estão no mesmo sítio aeroportuário, tem a mesma pista, é como se fossem 2 terminais diferentes

 

Que interessante,não sabia disse, então Ber é o novo terminal do mesmo aeroporto mas com outro nome, vide Poa

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  • 2 weeks later...

Brandenburg operator discusses financial aid but opening stays firm

By David Kaminski-Morrow20 March 2020

  • Berlin airports operator FBB is insisting that the new Brandenburg hub will open on time, even if the coronavirus crisis disrupts trial runs prior to the inauguration.

The operator says the 31 October opening date will be “strictly adhered to”, but it acknowledges that there are aspects of the testing which need consideration in order to maintain the deadline.

“It will be possible to cope with reduced or postponed individual trial runs,” it states, given the expected lower-than-forecast traffic volumes.

Passenger numbers at its Tegel and Schonefeld airports are currently down by some 75%, it states, and is likely to fall further.

As a consequence, FBB says it will be “temporarily dependent” on financial aid, and has discussed the matter with its shareholders – although it has yet to assess the extent of any assistance.

“Our income situation has deteriorated sharply in the last three weeks,” says chief executive Engelbert Daldrup. “We have to make massive cost savings and reduce operating expenses.”

He says the company is subjecting all investments, expenses and appointments to “close scrutiny”, adding that reductions in working hours are necessary.

“We must face the additional challenges of the corona crisis, which will place even greater demands on us in terms of human resources and finances than ever before,” says FBB supervisory board chair Rainer Bretschneider.

But he points out that the company has agreed a business plan to take the company beyond Brandenburg’s opening, budgeting a total of €792 million in funding for 2021-24. Half of this figure will be sourced from shareholders, the rest from the financial markets.

Source: www.flightglobal.com

 

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On 3/6/2020 at 12:24 PM, raverbashing said:

Schonefeld e BER estão no mesmo sítio aeroportuário, tem a mesma pista, é como se fossem 2 terminais diferentes

 

também não sabia disso

Então essa saga de BER é mais absurda ainda , porque no fim era só a construçao de um novo terminal e a infra-estrutura de como chegar até ele

Eu achava que era um aeroporto completamente do zero....

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1 hour ago, FCRO said:

também não sabia disso

Então essa saga de BER é mais absurda ainda , porque no fim era só a construçao de um novo terminal e a infra-estrutura de como chegar até ele

Eu achava que era um aeroporto completamente do zero....

Só uma pista é compartilhada com SXF, o restante foi tudo novo (taxiways, nova pista, acessos, terminal e edifícios de apoio.

Diria que é uma versão bem mais ampliada que o Velho Galeão e o Novo Galeão nos anos 70.

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  • 4 weeks later...

Air France to operate last flight from Tegel

29 September 2020

  • Berlin’s airport operator has confirmed that Air France will conduct the last flight from the German capital’s Tegel airport on 8 November – 60 years after the French flag carrier became the first civilian operator at the former military airfield.

Regular flights from Tegel will end on 7 November following the planned opening of Berlin’s long-delayed new Brandenburg airport on 31 October. But Flughafen Berlin Brandenburg says that Air France agreed to operate a last special flight from Tegel on 8 November.

Berlin Tegel airport

Source: Shutterstock

“Hardly any other airline than Air France is as closely associated with the long and eventful history of flight operations at Tegel,” states FBB chief executive Engelbert Lütke Daldrup

An Air France Lockheed Super Constellation arriving from Paris via Frankfurt became the first civilian aircraft to land at Tegel in early 1960. The airfield northwest of the city centre subsequently became West Berlin’s main gateway – replacing the former Tempelhof airport – as land-based westbound transport had to travel through former East Germany.

Until the German reunification in 1990, regular flights to West Berlin could only be operated by British, French and US airlines.

As such, Air France operated flights to West Berlin from West German cities – like other airlines – and its homeland.

The French carrier was among the first users when Tegel’s current main terminal opened in 1974. The airline also operated the first regular scheduled Airbus A320 passenger flight between Paris and Tegel in 1988, notes FBB.

Ironically, Tegel’s iconic, hexagonal terminal was designed by the same architect, Meinhard von Gerkan, as the troubled new Brandenburg airport.

Aged 30, von Gerkan – and his partners Volkwin Marg and Klaus Nickels – won first prize in a design competition for Tegel in 1965 with their proposal optimised for short-haul flights to West Germany and Europe – Tegel’s sole purpose at the time.

Possible by the need for relatively small passenger numbers for each flight, the airport featured extremely short walking distances between land-side facilities and aircraft stands. The proposal was a breakthrough for the young architects and stepping stone in subsequently establishing an international practice.

One of the curiosities at Tegel is that the airport operator maintained until recent years stop marks for aircraft types that were decommissioned by airlines decades ago – the Boeing 707, British Aircraft Corporation One-Eleven and Sud Aviation SE 210 Caravelle.

Von Gerkan won again first prize for the design of the new Brandenburg airport in 1998. But the architect’s website indicates that the commissioning was cancelled in 2003, reopened and finally concluded in 2005.

Construction of the new complex located south of Berlin’s Schonefeld airport began in 2008, with the project undergoing several redesigns during construction.

A planned opening in 2012 was cancelled weeks before the inauguration amid concern over the main terminal’s fire protection systems. This led to redesign and replacement of extensive building systems.

Multiple subsequent opening targets were missed. Meanwhile, FBB decided to build an additional terminal at Brandenburg and continue using Schonefeld as air traffic in Berlin grew beyond the unopened terminal’s capacity.

In 2019, Tegel handled 24 million passengers, and Schonefeld 11 million.

Source: www.flightglobal.com

 

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